It encompasses a huge range of medical treatments almost covering the whole body. Treatments may include organs/parts of the body such as small intestine, large intestine, stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, and bile ducts. At times it also includes the issues which are related to breast, skin, soft tissue, trauma.
Surgical Critical Care is also known as Trauma Surgery which deals with the operative and non-operative treatments. It also deals with the emergency fields which one has to take care of or serve upon.
Breast Surgery has various types of surgeries for different issues. The procedure may include Breast Reduction Surgery, Augmentation Mammoplasty, Mastectomy, Lumpectomy, etc.
Oncology Surgery deals with treatments or surgeries that are involved in treating tumors or cancers. The development of technology has brought in various options and ways to treat tumors and cancers, such as Hematology and Radiation Oncology.
Surgery of the heart or lungs or the organs that are related to the organs of the thorax are known as Cardiothoracic Surgery.
Open heart surgery, Modern beating-heart surgery, Minimally invasive surgery, and pediatric cardiovascular surgery are few of the innovations of the science that has helped in saving a huge number of lives.
Pediatric surgeries are associated with the operations that are carried out with fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
Pediatric Surgery is divided into two types i.e Neonatal Surgery and Fetal Surgery.
Neonatal Surgery deals with newborn infants mainly with ill or premature babies.
Fetal Surgery is also known as Fetal Reconstructive Surgery which treats the birth defects of the fetuses who are still in the pregnant uterus.
Organ Transplant Surgery is a medical procedure of removing the organ from the donor's body and is placed in another body to replace a damaged organ or a missing organ. When the transplant is done in the same body it is called Autografts. Whereas the transplant that involves two different individuals is called Allografts
Endocrine Surgery treats endocrine disorders which include the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands. Endocrine Surgery also helps in treating the endocrine pancreas and some neuroendocrine glands. The process includes either the removal of the endocrine gland in the whole or the infected part
Vascular Surgery treats the diseases of the vascular system, arteries, and veins. The disorders are taken care of by the procedure of minimally-invasive catheter procedures and surgical reconstructions. The following surgeries are now pioneered by Interventional Radiology.
Colorectal Surgery is also known as Proctology which is associated with the treatments of the disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon. Treatment for this kind of condition includes various other procedures which include colectomy, polypectomy, strictureplasty, and many more.